Indian Rock Python

Python molurus molurus


Thick body built, smooth scaled species. Head broader than neck, eyes have vertical pupil. Scale at snout tip and first two upper lip scales have heat sensitive pits. Yellow to brownish asymmetrical dark brownish, black edged blotches. Head is with arrow mark that is not prominent in adults. Tongue and part of head is pale pink. Two dark streaks are visible on the either side of the head. Each side has two streaks; one below the other, behind eye. Under side of the body is yellowish or white. Both sexes have ‘spur’ (comparably larger in males), considered as vestigial hind limb. This can be observed both side of the anal scale.


Scales in 60-75 rows. Ventrals 253-270, distinctly narrower than width of belly; anal undivided; subcaudals 58-73, paired. Rostral and first 2 supralabials pitted; supralabials 11-13 (6th or 7th touching eye).

Habitat and Reproduction

They are found in mangrove forest, arid scrub jungle, rainforest and grassland areas. Prey is mainly warm-blooded (rodents, fruit bats, birds, jackals, deer and other small mammals). The species is oviparous and after mating female lays 100-107 eggs per clutch in March-June. Female stays with the eggs for 60-70 days. They are observed to coil on the eggs for the entire span of incubation; this may help to increase temperature by body contraction which may help to incubate.


This species is non-venomous so does not provide harmful bite but their bite can be very painful. They also pose threat by hissing.


Indian rock python has records from throughout India except islands and above 2000m from sea level. Very well adapted to human habitation, they are distributed throughout the state.



Skin and illegal pet trade are two important threats suffered by this species. They are also facing problem due to habitat loss due to the land conversion for agricultural and developmental purposes.

Important Tags

Indian Rock PythonPythonidae Python molurus molurus

Indian Rock Python
Scientific Name
Python molurus molurus
Bharatiya Azgar
Venom Type
Look Like
Russellâs viper and Common sand boa.


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