A small sized slender bodied and smooth scaled snake. Flattened head slightly broader than neck. Snout projects beyond lower jaw. Eye entirely black. Glossy gray, brown or black above with 10-20 white or yellowish alternate bands which forks on sides of the body. Neck portion has collars (basically bands from that area looks like collar). Bands may absent on hind body. Upper lip white or with brown spots.Underside white. Some individuals may don’t have bands at all.
Scales in17:17:15 rows. Ventrals 172-214, strongly angulated laterally; anal divided; subcaudals 57-80, paired. Loreal 1, in good contact with the intranasal, not touching eye; preocular 1; postoculars 2; temporal usually 2+2; supralabials 9 (3rd to 5th touching eye).
Habitat and Reproduction
They are found in and around caves, wells, stone piles, and hollow trees and often in house. Adult eat geckos and skinks. Common wolf snake is oviparous and lays a clutch of 5-7eggs in the month of December-January in South India/March-July in North India.
Non venomous in nature, bites when provoked during handling. This species is completely harmless to human.
Distributions are recorded from entire India including Lakshyadeep but not from Andaman & Nicobar Islands. Also recorded from Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal, Sri Lanka and Myanmar. Common to maximum parts of Chhattisgarh and are usually found to be a common species in human inhabited areas.
Its krait like design makes it vulnerable to humans. Though they are well adapted in human inhabited areas but alterations of habitats due to fast urbanization is threatening to common wolf snake.