Leith's sand snake

Psammophis leithii


Slender and long built of the body and having smooth scales. Head elongated and tapered towards front. Large eye has round pupil. Long tail.Pale yellowish brown coloration can be seen on back with four dark brown stripes that begin on head and run along the length of the body. Mid dark marking is present on head. Body stripes on both sides, are with black dotted spots or lines. Underside yellowish-white. Top most portion of body comprises of three stripes of which upper stripe is lighter and wider than adjacent two stripes. Shy in nature and usually run away when provoked or threatened.


Scales in 17:17:15 or 13 rows. Ventrals rounded: males 159-175; females 170-187; anal entire; subcaudals paired: males 104-109; females 92-104. Supralabials 8 (4th and 5th touching eye).

Habitat and Reproduction:

They are found in marshes, grassland, clay or sandy desert areas. Eats skinks and lizard. The species is oviparous and female lays a clutch of 4-10 eggs in March-June.

Bite and Venom:

Venom is mild not effective to human.


Leith’s sand snake has distribution records from Jammu & Kashmir, Punjab, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Gujarat and Maharashtra. Recently its presence is recorded from Chhattisgarh. The species was found in Udanti-Sitanadi Tiger Reserve of Gariyaband, and Barnawapara Wildlife Sanctuary of Baloda Bazaar district Chhattisgarh.



Killing by humans and road kills made this species vulnerable.

Important Tags

Leithâs sand snakeColubridae Psammophis leithii

Leith's sand snake
Scientific Name
Psammophis leithii
Leith Fita Sanp
Venom Type
Look Like
Condanarus sand snake


Bio-Diversity OF CG

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