Stout bodied and smooth scaled snake. Abruptly tapered tail. Olive, brown or gray colored back either with a broad stripe on back runs from head to tail tip or three series of indistinct dark spots, one on back and one on each side. Belly scales yellow or white with brown outer edges on each side and usually with brown spots. Young show three light lines on back.
Length: 1.5ft to maximum 3.2ft
Scales in 21, rarely 19 or 23 rows at mid-body.Ventrals 134-177; anal divided; subcaudals 46-79, paired. Single internasal touches loreal; supralabials 8 (4th touching eye).
Habitat and Reproduction:
Inhabits fresh or brackish water bodies. Mostly eats fish, but also tadpoles, frogs, and lizards.The species is live bearer and give birth to a litter of 4 to 18 live young.
Bite and Venom
Mildly venomous so that not harmful to human but after bite swelling occurs and can be throbbed for an hour.
Common smooth scaled water snake is distributed in coastal Andhra Pradesh, Odisha, Bihar, West Bengal and in the Himalayan foothills of Assam. Also have records from Nepal, Bangladesh and Myanmar. Individuals of these species are recorded from Dhawalpur range an adjacent buffer area of Udanti-Sitanadi Tiger Reserve.
Habitat loss and road killing made this species vulnerable